Carl Jung (1961) rejected Freud’s psychoanalytical approach and developed his own theory. He encouraged his patients to use active imagination to change old memories. He often uses the concept of inner guide, in his healing work.
Andrew Salter (1914-1996) developed a process called “cortical inhibition”, which is a form of hypnotic state.
In 1961 Ernest Hilgard created a standardized scale for susceptibility to Hypnosis. He induced anesthesia.
Milton Erikson (1901-1980) developed many new ideas and techniques in Hypnosis.
Harry Arones (1967) a self taught professional Hypnotist wrote a book, “Hypnosis in Criminal Investigation”. It includes memory, regression, induction techniques and confabulation. His techniques received National acceptance in legal community.
Dave Elman (1900-1967) introduced rapid induction method. One method of induction which he introduced more than 50 years ago is still one of the favorite methods used by today’s masters.
Ormond McGill (1913-2005) was Stage hypnotist and hypno-therapist. He wrote, “Encyclopedia of Genuine stage Hypnotism”.
John Kappas (1925 – 2002) Founder on the Hypnosis Motivation Institute
In 1956 Roman Catholic Church (Pope pious XII) approved Hypnosis.
It was stated that, use of Hypnosis by health care professionals for diagnosis and treatment is permitted. The guide lines are given as:
1] Hypnotism is serious matter, and not something to be dabbled in.
2] In its scientific use, the precautions dedicated by both science and morality are to be followed.
3] Under the aspect of anesthesia, it is governed by the same principles as other forms of anesthesia.
In Britain, Hypnotism Act was instituted in 1952 to regulate stage Hypnotists Public entertainments.
Later in 19th century Mesmerism was totally out in scientific circles and attention shifted to what we call now Hypnotism.
In 20th century hypnosis became imprisoned by its own respectability, as it became mired in unending academic debates about “state” or “non state”. Thus the question arises about real, physical basis of Hypnosis. At first centre of hypnotic gravity moved from Europe to America where all the most significant breakthroughs of the 20th century took place. Similarly hypnosis became a popular phenomenon, a thing which is easily available to anyone outside clinic or laboratory. Meanwhile the style of hypnosis changed, from direct instructions issued by an authoritarian figure (A legacy of charismatic mesmerist) to a more indirect and permissive style of trance induction based on subtly persuasive language patterns.
At the same time hypnosis became more practical and a very useful tool for releasing psychological distress. Similarly it is useful in bringing about profound changes in variety of situations.