It could be said that hypnotic suggestion is explicitly intended to make use of the placebo effect. In 1994, Irving Kirsch characterized hypnosis as a “nondeceptive placebo” i.e. a method that openly makes use of suggestions and employees methods to amplify its effects.
According to state theory, hypnosis is a mental state and according to non state theory, it is imaginative role enactment. It is usually induced by a procedure called hypnotic induction, which is composition of long series of preliminary instructions and suggestions. Such suggestions may be delivered by a hypnotist in the presence of the subject or may be self administered (self suggestion or auto suggestion).
A popular misconception about hypnosis is that, it is form of unconsciousness resembling sleep. Contemporary research states that the subjects are fully awake and are focusing attention, with a corresponding decrease in their peripheral awareness. They also show an increase response to the suggestions. The reason is most of the people are familiar with hypnosis as stage entertainment or television or movies, which is not actual story of hypnosis. Thus it is viewed for several times as mind control, which is far away from real hypnosis. Fortunately during last decade the credibility of hypnosis and its applications is increased due to continuous research and therapies used.
Hypnotic phenomena cannot be easily measured. To some extent it can be measured by some psychological tests gauging suggestibility, hypnotic susceptibility, or the aptitude for the imagery. These tests may be administered before or after hypnosis. Most of the people feel relaxed in hypnotic state because of the change occur in the brain wave activity. In waking state brain is in beta brain wave, as one going to sleep, it changes from alpha then delta and theta in deep sleep. The alpha state is very dreamy and pleasant state. During this state mind is open to visualizations and creating a rich sensory experience.
It is a medium through which we come to know more about our inner strengths. Scientifically there is no debate as whether hypnosis exists or works. The only debate arise is how it works? The British society of clinical and experimental hypnosis states that: “In therapy, hypnosis usually involves the person experiencing a sense of deep relaxation with their attention narrowed down and focused on appropriate suggestions made by the therapist”
These suggestions help people make positive changes within themselves. Days have gone when hypnosis was seen as waving watches and controlling people’s minds. In hypnosis you are always in control and are not made to do anything. It is generally accept that all hypnosis is ultimately self hypnosis as, it has taken place voluntarily. Hypnotists merely help to facilitate your experience.